Most people associate Nausea with pregnancy, but in reality, Nausea can appear in all shapes and sizes. Common causes of nausea include stomach flu, motion sickness or seasickness, food poisoning or even a simple unpleasant sensation of discomfort or unease in the stomach can set it off. Other causes include prolonged anxiety, disgust, depression, and Chemotherapy is known to cause nausea and vomiting, occurring in up to 80% off patients.
What Causes Nausea?
Nausea can occur in so many different situations that it is often hard to pinpoint the exact cause. It is thought that the timing of nausea can indicate the cause. For example, if Nausea appears after a meal it could indicate food poisoning, an ulcer or gastritis.
According to WebMD, nausea and vomiting are not classed as diseases but are referred to as symptoms of conditions such as;
- Early stages of pregnancy
- Medication-induced vomiting
- Motion sickness or seasickness
- Intense and chronic pain
- Emotional stress (such as fear)
- Food poisoning
- Gallbladder disease
- Infections (such as the “stomach flu”)
- Heart attack
- A reaction to certain smells or odors
- Concussion or brain injury
- Brain tumor
- Some forms of cancer
- Bulimia or other psychological illnesses
- Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying (a condition that can be seen in people with diabetes)
- Ingestion of toxins or excessive amounts of alcohol
Cancer patients often experience nausea during chemotherapy treatments. The level of nausea depends on the type of chemotherapy drugs they receive, for example, if you receive cancer treatments such as radiation or some other intense treatment. It also depends on whether you’ve experienced nausea or vomiting in the past.
How Nausea Effects Your Health?
While Nausea and vomiting are two of the most dreaded, unpleasant sensations to have, they only rarely become life-threatening. Nausea and vomiting can prevent your body from receiving the nutrition it needs, and ongoing vomiting can lead to dehydration. Nausea and vomiting aren’t directly a problem, but it can result in serious health problems if not dealt with.
Conventional Medical Treatments
Treating nausea or vomiting should be done on a case by case scenario. It is always best to visit your primary-care doctor to understand exactly why you are feeling bad and what is causing nausea. Your physician will question you about the severity and timing of your symptoms, as well as ask you about your daily diet and if you have been in contact with any sick people. You may also undergo a physical exam, blood and/or urine tests. Depending on the severity of your situation you may be asked to have an abdominal x-ray done.
If the cause of your nausea is from medical treatment that you are receiving due to an illness, then your doctor will know how to treat your side-effects.
Drugs used to treat nausea and vomiting are called antiemetics.
Some of these medicines effect the brain and block signals to the vomiting center, while other medicines work on the gut. They speed the process of how quickly food moves through it.
Common medicines used for nausea include:
- Cinnarizine, promethazine, cyclizine, – these drugs belong to a group of medications called antihistamines. While the exact way they combat nausea isn’t entirely clear, it is assumed that antihistamines block histamine 1 (H1) receptors in specific areas of the brain which creates nausea in response to chemicals in the body.
These kinds of medications are often used to combat ear problems and motion sickness.
- Hyoscine – Another medication that is often prescribed to combat motion sickness is called Hyoscine. It stops a chemical in the brain called acetylcholine.
- Chlorpromazine, haloperidol, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, levomepromazine – these hard drugs are used for more severe conditions when nausea occurs due to cancer, radiation, and the usage of opiate medicine. Prochlorperazine is one of the most used drugs and is used to combat vertigo, ear problems, and sickness.
- Metoclopramide – Another medicine that works on the gut and is used to help people with gut problems or migraines.
- Dexamethasone – this steroid medication is a man-made version of a natural hormone produced by your body.
- Granisetron, palonosetron, and ondansetron – this group of medicines work by blocking a chemical called serotonin (5-HT) in the gut, and the brain. They are commonly used for controlling nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.
- Aprepitant and fosaprepitant – These medicines are modern versions of the previous ones and work by blocking a chemical that acts on neurokinin receptors in the body to cause nausea. These medicines are often given to people with certain type of chemotherapy.
Side Effects of Traditional Medicine
Before taking any pharmaceutical medication, it is always best to ask your doctor of the side-effects. Also, it is always best to read the packet labels to understand what you are putting into your body. Common side-effects may include constipation, headaches, tiredness, insomnia, indigestion.
Home Treatments for Combating Nausea and Vomiting
If you are experiencing Nausea due to side-effects of an illness or treatment, then these home remedies may not give you 100% cure your experience, but they may provide some relief.
What is important is to understand the cause so that you can decide the most appropriate treatment. For example, cancer-related nausea requires a different response than nausea brought on by motion sickness.
Since ancient times people have turned to ginger as the ultimate cure. Furthermore, studies have shown that ginger can be a very effective treatment for some kinds of stomach problems due to its natural anti-inflammatory properties.
Peppermint is another traditional remedy that has been around for centuries. According to the NCCIH,
peppermint leaves and peppermint oil are extremely helpful in dealing with indigestion and irritable bowel syndrome that are associated with nausea. Furthermore, peppermint oil is recommended for its antiemetic and antispasmodic effects on the gastric lining and colon
Acupuncture and Acupressure
For thousands of years, Eastern practitioners have been manipulating pressure points to treat different physical symptoms, including nausea. Acupuncture is when doctors insert thin needles into the skin, while Acupressure is the process of applying physical pressure to certain points of the body. According to a 2015 study, acupressure to the wrist significantly reduced nausea and vomiting in cardiac surgery patient.
Marijuana Treatment for Nausea
Medical Cannabis is another form of treatment that dates back over thousands of years. In the 1970s, positive evidence of cannabis’ cancer applications led researchers to investigate its effect on chemotherapy-induced nausea through synthetic THC pills.
Furthermore, evidence of CBD’s ability to reduce nausea has also caught the headlines due to numerous publications providing strong support for the for the combined action of cannabinoids found in medical cannabis.
Over the last few decades, cannabinoids have been proved to be an effective treatment in combating vomiting in animals in response to a toxic challenge, for example, chemotherapy in humans.
Other researchers at Temple University School of Medicine found that various cannabinoid receptors play a role in the regulation of food intake, gastric secretion and gastroprotection, nausea and vomiting, intestinal inflammation, and cell proliferation in the gut.
5 Best Marijuana Strains to Treat Nausea
While research is still in early stages in regards to medical marijuana and nausea, most doctors are aware of marijuana’s healing properties and will recommend cannabis to many patients in need of an efficient way of controlling their nausea.
The growth in the cannabis industry has led to the development of a wide range of different strains. From hybrids to crossbreeds, we’ve rounded the five best marijuana strains to treat Nausea
This strain is the almighty medical cure. It provides a killer punch and patients should expect to receive a boost of energy together with an intense euphoric high. Containing up to 25% THC, Durban Poison is known for getting the job done. It will provide immediate relief and is known for helping patients with some illnesses including ADD/ADHD, migraines, Paranoia and Nausea
This strain is so common that you can probably pick it up at any dispensary, any time, any place. While it is known for providing a relaxing yet energizing high, it is more popular among patients due to its healing powers. THC levels tend to be in the 21-22% range, and this strain is often used for a variety of medical conditions including; depression, migraines and it is an excellent choice to treat nausea.
This high THC-infused hybrid strain promotes an uplifting experience and combats nausea and migraines. OG Kush is the perfect evening strain and is thought to be the number one medicine for those suffering from terminal diseases and depression – illnesses that may cause nausea and vomiting.
This is one of those go-to strains that is perfect for a variety of medical condition including nausea. Blue Dream is ideal for removing all types of stress and anxiety and being a 50/50 hybrid you’ll get the best of both worlds (connected to blueberry and super silver haze).
Jack Herer has become quite popular among patients and cannabis enthusiasts due to its medical properties and the fact that it provides a clear-headed and balanced high – perfect for daytime use. Jack Herer was developed in the mid-1990s, in the Netherlands, where it was later distributed by pharmacies as a recognized medical-grade strain.
When it comes to cannabis and marijuana, there is no right or wrong. It’s all a question of what works for you. Let us know your thoughts and which strains have worked best for you in the past in the comments below or on our Facebook page.