What is Full Spectrum CBD Oil? [Complete Guide]

Understanding the difference between CBD and Full Spectrum CBD
Jeff Yauck / Updated on September 12, 2018

full spectrum

While cannabidiol (CBD) is all the rage at present, it is often hard to understand what you are getting. Furthermore, with so many different CBD products on the market it’s hard to tell which are full spectrum, which are not and which products are made from CBD cannabis or CBD hemp.  In this article we will try to clear up any confusion, focusing the major part of the post around Full Spectrum CBD oil.

CBD has become quite popular over the last couple of years but despite what you might think it is only one the 100 compounds that have been identified in the Cannabis Sativa L plant. Full spectrum CBD oil, unlike CBD isolate products, includes a wide range of cannabinoids present in the cannabis or hemp plant. Depending on the condition and what you are looking to achieve it can provide a greater effect than CBD alone as all the cannabinoids work together in what is known as the entourage effect (more on that later).

Full spectrum CBD also contains a variety of essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, terpenes, flavonoids, and fiber. When referring to CBD in the hemp plant, it’s important to understand that Hemp contains a large number of cannabinoids (in trace amounts), but the main compounds are CBD and cannabidiolic acid (CBDa). As CBDa is more abundant in the hemp plant, firms must decarboxylate the oil. This process heats the oil and changes CBDa into CBD.

Just one last thing before we explain the benefits of Full Spectrum CBD oil, its important to understand that CBD from Cannabis is only legal in Medical or recreational states, while CBD hemp oil is legal in all 50 states under the 2014 US Farm Bill. While it may not be able to treat all conditions it has been known to assist with a variety of medical conditions including anxiety, depression and acute pain.

The Benefits of the Whole Plant

One of the most important studies relating to full spectrum CBD oil took place at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Hadassah School in 2015. It compared the performance of a full spectrum extract with one that contained CBD only. The study concluded that full spectrum was more effective when fighting pain and inflammation.

While CBD only is somewhat effective, the whole plant extract not only provided faster and better relief, the effects also lasted longer. This is why an increasing number of companies in the CBD industry are selling full spectrum CBD oil as a rule.

The aforementioned entourage effect is the main reason behind the efficacy of whole plant extracts. There are over 100 ‘identified’ compounds in the cannabis plant. While most of these compounds have their own therapeutic benefit, they combine synergistically to provide a far better performance than any single compound, including CBD. Here are a couple of examples of conditions that benefit from the entourage effect:

  • Gastrointestinal Disorders: While THC improves your appetite, adding CBD to the mix can help with issues such as anorexia and nausea.
  • Anxiety Disorders: THC alone can make matters worse, but CBD counteracts the effects of THC to alleviate the symptoms of stress, PTSD, and more.
  • Neurological Disorders: Although THC can help patients with Tourette’s, the addition of several other cannabinoids can ease the symptoms of Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and more.

Why Is It Different to CBD Only Oils or Isolates?

While full-spectrum CBD oil contains a huge array of cannabinoids, terpenes and much more, oils or isolates with CBD only, are separated from other compounds in the plant. There was a school of thought that CBD was more effective by itself but the 2015 Israeli study mentioned above debunked that idea.

What Does Full Spectrum CBD Oil Contain?

Cannabinoids

While most readers are probably aware of the impact of THC and CBD on their health, there are plenty of unheralded cannabinoids that offer relief.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

Also known as the ‘stem cell’ cannabinoid, most CBG is transformed into cannabinoids such as CBD and THC by the plant. As a result, most processed plants have a low level of CBG.

Cannabinol (CBN)

The degradation of THC leads to CBN. While there is usually a low amount of it in the fresh plant, the decarboxylation process typically raises the level of CBN. It offers a slight psychoactive effect and has a greater affinity for the CB2 receptor compared to the CB1 receptor.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

It is probably the least studied ‘major’ cannabinoid even though it is rather abundant in certain marijuana strains. As such, there isn’t enough data available to suggest it offers the same remarkable benefits as THC and CBD. However, the research that is available suggests that CBC has antidepressant, pain relieving, and anti-anxiety effects.

Lesser known cannabinoids include:

  • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
  • Cannabitriol (CBT)
  • Cannabicitran (CBT)
  • Cannabifuran (CBF)

Terpenes

Terpenes are chemicals that give the cannabis plant its unique scent. Even in tiny amounts, terpenes work extremely well with cannabinoids to heal the body. Here are some well-known terpenes:

  • Limonene: This stress reliever also helps boost your mood. You can even rely on it to assist with gastric flux issues.
  • Pinene: It could potentially improve your memory and boost alertness. It is also anti-inflammatory.
  • Linalool: This has a sedative effect and works to help patients with depression, insomnia, and stress.
  • Caryophyllene: This terpene is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that helps relieve the symptoms of pain. It is also useful against insomnia.
  • Humulene: This is another pain-relieving terpene which has antibacterial properties and also works as an appetite suppressant.

Vitamins & Minerals

Full spectrum CBD oil contains vitamins A, C, & E along with complex B vitamins such as niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine. An increasing number of people don’t consume beta-carotene, but it is abundant in full spectrum oil. Crucial minerals contained in this oil include zinc, potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus.

Essential Fats & Protein

If all of the above wasn’t enough, full spectrum CBD oil contains up to 20 amino acids including the nine essential ones. Essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 and Omega 6, which help promote better heart health, are included in the optimal 3:1 ratio. Hemp oil is even a good source of protein which helps repair and build tissues.

Final Thoughts on Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Although it may be better to consume CBD oil than nothing at all, it may not offer you the same range of positive effects as full spectrum CBD oil. You still receive an adequate amount of CBD, but you also consume dozens of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes. As a result, your body will receive more than enough vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.

Not only can full spectrum CBD oil help to relieve pain, reduce stress and help you sleep, but it is also known to keep your body strong, fit and healthy. Forget about painkillers or the hundreds of prescription drugs on the market, full spectrum CBD oil is apparently the real deal when it comes to attaining good health.

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Source
http://www.scirp.org/Journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=53912#.VP4EIildXvY

What is Full Spectrum CBD Oil? [Complete Guide]
September 12, 2018
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32 comments
  1. Henry Chin
    Only full spectrum

    It’s the only one that works for me

  2. Teri

    I purchased Ananda professional full spectrum Extract 600 20/mg/ml CBD oil. I started with .5ml dose the first night right before bedtime. I did not sleep well. I tried the same dose the following evening, and again, poor sleep. I tried it for two more nights and had the same results. I’m very sensitive to steroids and will only use them as a last resort, but the way I felt after taking the CBD oil, reminded me of how poor my sleep is on steroids. Or how vitamin B12 can affect me if I take it too late in the day. I have a lot of inflammation and pain and hoped the CBD oil would help. I am quite surprised at my reaction to it. Anyone else have trouble sleeping when taking it?

    1. Sm

      Yes, B12 will definitely affect your sleep.

  3. Ron Mason

    I should be interested to know if any of the CBD products has any substantial effect dealing with Parkinsons disease particularly a hand tremour?

    1. Susan Cook
      Research low dose naltrexone for Parkinson's and other autoimmune disorders and Cancer

      Read up on Low dose Naltrexone for Parkinson’s, autoimmune disorders and Cancer.

  4. Dawn

    I was wondering if full Spectrum or just cbd oil is best for Graves Disease symptoms?

  5. A Ben

    I bought a bottle that says 10% full spectrum 1000 mg 10g bottle

    How much CBD am I getting in one oil drop?

    1. Kyle Prior

      you take the MG divided by 30 days and then you would times it by .03-.06 cause that is the maximum you are absorbing in the blood stream if its an oil based cbd. So 1000 mg on a 1 ml dropper you are getting like 2 mg in your system ha ha.

    2. Danielle Edwards

      You have to do a conversion to find out so tell me how many ml are you taking in each dose? What does your package say 1 ml is equal to? For example 1 ml on my cbd is equal to 33 mq. Your entire bottle is 1000 mg.

    3. Adam

      It’s roughly .5mg-2mg per drop depending on the drop size.

  6. Joanne

    Can we make our own Full Spectrum Oil if we had the raw materials? Some instructions would be most appreciated.
    Thanks

  7. Mary

    Help!! I just got Red Strap Hemp Extract for my college swimmer son for his trouble sleeping and anxiety. He has taken three days worth of the 500 in MCT oil. Have I compromised his chances of passing a drug test when he goes back to school in July?!?

    1. ronald kurczewski

      CBD is not only a non-priority of cannabis drug testing, but has a different molecular structure to THC, so a false positive is unlikely5.
      It is not expected that taking the recommended dose of a hemp extract containing less than 1% THC will give a positive result AND on (10/17): The World Anti-Doping Agency has removed CBD from its list of prohibited substances.

    2. Adam

      That is a tough one to answer. First of all if you have any doubt stop taking the extract. Generally speaking, drug tests check for THC.

  8. Amy

    I have heard that full spectrum cbd can trigger s false positive on drug tests due to the CBN. Is this true?

    1. Adam

      This really depends on the type of CBD, the extraction process, the brand and the dosage. Generally speaking full spectrum contains other elements of the cannabis plant that just the CBD. Most of the time drug tests test for the THC, but if the oils are premium it can happen

  9. Patricia Curtis

    This is what I was searching for relieving my pain. Undoubtedly, it is a good remedy.

  10. Debbie

    HI do you think this may help with nerve pain ?? I suffer from trigeminal neuralgia and no pain killers seem to work

    1. brian

      I had the same question. my doctor told me there have been studies that CBD will actually regrow the nerve around the damaged areas.

  11. C. Graham

    I’ll be honest, I am so confused. I have been looking at the CBDs that you recommend and several *only* contain CBD, and no Terpenes. Several are very low on anything except CBD, far more than what can be accounted for by CO2 extraction. Can you explain this further?

    1. Adam

      Basically there are a few types of oils. Full spectrum oils are ones that contain terpenes and other compounds. These type of oils tend to work better on specific conditions. Pure CBD is quite hard to come by if you don’t live in a medical or recreational state. There are other oils that also contain THC. The type of oil you need really depends on your medical condition and what you are looking to achieve

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